Essential Amino Acids
The Essential Amino Acids, or EAAs, are essential because the body must obtain they from the diet in complete proteins or EAA supplements. The essential amino acids are entirely responsible for the anabolic effects of protein.
- A study comparing 18g of EAA vs. 18g of EAA + 22g of non-EAA found no differences in muscle protein synthesis, indicating that only EAA are responsible for improving protein synthesis (Volpi et al., 2003).
- Borsheim et al. (2002) demonstrated that as little as 6g of EAA increase nitrogen retention and foster lean mass gains.
- Research by Bohe and colleagues (2003) have found that maintaining high concentrations of amino acids in the blood is more important than increasing intramuscular amino acid concentrations. This means that if your goal is to build muscle, frequent consumption of EAA is very important.
Carnitine is renowned for its role in fat metabolism, but carnitine is also an excellent supplement for recovery.
- A recent review on carnitine supplementation supports its use for enhancing blood flow, reducing fatigue, decrease soreness, increase muscle mass, and decrease body weight (Fielding et al., 2018).
- In men, carnitine increases the number of muscular androgen receptors to enhance the action of testosterone and improve gains from resistance exercise (Kraemer et al., 2006).
- An investigation on supplemental carnitine at 2 grams per day found that the supplement can increase oxygen consumption, which means more reps before fatigue sets in (Spiering et al., 2008)!
α-hydroxyisocaproic acid (HICA), or leucic acid, is a metabolite of the most important amino acid for muscle anabolism, leucine. Leucine’s other metabolic fate is HMB, and HICA has similar effects.
- HICA has been observed to significantly inhibit proteolysis (the breakdown of protein) in muscle tissues (Tischler et al., 1982).
- Supplementing 1.5g of HICA per day has been found to increase whole body lean mass gains after just 4 weeks (Mero et al., 2010).
- During a period of immobilization and disuse atrophy due to injury, HICA was found to be more effective than leucine for maintaining anabolism and speeding recovery Lang et al., 2013).
Coconut Water Extract
Coconut water is rich with electrolytes and other bioactive nutrients to promote proper hydration and keep muscles functioning and full.
- Coconut water, as true coconut water and as a powder reconstituted in water, was just as effective as common, sugar-laden sports drink for rehydrating athletes (Kalman et al., 2012).
- A similar investigation found coconut water to have a less negative impact on gastrointestinal distress than sports drinks (Saat et al., 2002).
Electrolytes Sodium & Potassium
Sodium is the primary extracellular ion, and potassium is the primary intracellular ion. Together, they maintain electrochemical gradients across cell membranes.
- Beverages with greater potassium than sodium have been found to better promote rehydration than those with more sodium (Tai et al., 2014).
- The same study found that the greater potassium content of the amino acid beverage promoted intracellular hydration.
- Sodium has been observed as necessary to retain body fluids. After sweating, drinking fluids without sodium only increases urine volume, but including sodium promotes body rehydration (Shirreffs et al., 1996).
Q: How do I take Performax Labs’ EAminoMax?
A: Take 1 serving (1 scoop) with water 1-3 times per day.
Q: When is the best time to take EAminoMax?
A: EAminoMax is best taken whenever you need to keep muscles fed. Because EAminoMax has several effective applications, it can be taken pre, during, and/or post workout to increase muscle protein synthesis and decrease breakdown. EAminoMax may also be consumed between meals and/or with snacks to keep circulating amino acids and muscle anabolism elevated.
Q: Can I use EAminoMax in place of a protein shake?
A: Yes. However, it is still advisable to consume a sufficient amount of daily protein for your goals.
Q: What other Performax Labs products can I stack with EAminoMax?
A: EAminoMax pairs well with CreMax and MassMax for adding muscle mass. EAminoMax also works great for fat loss with FitMax and SlinMax!
Q: Will taking EAminoMax before fasted cardio interfere with fat loss?
A: No. Amino acids do not inhibit fat loss. Even better, you will still lose the same amount of fat, but maintain more muscle if consuming EAminoMax before fasted cardio.
Biolo, G., K. D. Tipton, S. Klein, and R. R. Wolfe. “An Abundant Supply of Amino Acids Enhances the Metabolic Effect of Exercise on Muscle Protein.” Am J Physiol 273, no. 1 Pt 1 (Jul 1997): E122-9.
Bohe, J., A. Low, R. R. Wolfe, and M. J. Rennie. “Human Muscle Protein Synthesis Is Modulated by Extracellular, Not Intramuscular Amino Acid Availability: A Dose-Response Study.” J Physiol 552, no. Pt 1 (Oct 1 2003): 315-24.
Borsheim, E., K. D. Tipton, S. E. Wolf, and R. R. Wolfe. “Essential Amino Acids and Muscle Protein Recovery from Resistance Exercise.” Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 283, no. 4 (Oct 2002): E648-57.
Paddon-Jones, D., M. Sheffield-Moore, X. J. Zhang, E. Volpi, S. E. Wolf, A. Aarsland, A. A. Ferrando, and R. R. Wolfe. “Amino Acid Ingestion Improves Muscle Protein Synthesis in the Young and Elderly.” Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 286, no. 3 (Mar 2004): E321-8.
Tipton, K. D., A. A. Ferrando, S. M. Phillips, D. Doyle, Jr., and R. R. Wolfe. “Postexercise Net Protein Synthesis in Human Muscle from Orally Administered Amino Acids.” Am J Physiol 276, no. 4 Pt 1 (Apr 1999): E628-34.
Volpi, E., H. Kobayashi, M. Sheffield-Moore, B. Mittendorfer, and R. R. Wolfe. “Essential Amino Acids Are Primarily Responsible for the Amino Acid Stimulation of Muscle Protein Anabolism in Healthy Elderly Adults.” Am J Clin Nutr 78, no. 2 (Aug 2003): 250-8.
Fielding, R., L. Riede, J. P. Lugo, and A. Bellamine. “L-Carnitine Supplementation in Recovery after Exercise.” Nutrients 10, no. 3 (Mar 13 2018).
Huertas, R., Y. Campos, E. Diaz, J. Esteban, L. Vechietti, G. Montanari, S. D’Iddio, M. Corsi, and J. Arenas. “Respiratory Chain Enzymes in Muscle of Endurance Athletes: Effect of L-Carnitine.” Biochem Biophys Res Commun 188, no. 1 (Oct 15 1992): 102-7.
Kraemer, W. J., B. A. Spiering, J. S. Volek, N. A. Ratamess, M. J. Sharman, M. R. Rubin, D. N. French, et al. “Androgenic Responses to Resistance Exercise: Effects of Feeding and L-Carnitine.” Med Sci Sports Exerc 38, no. 7 (Jul 2006): 1288-96.
Spiering, B. A., W. J. Kraemer, D. L. Hatfield, J. L. Vingren, M. S. Fragala, J. Y. Ho, G. A. Thomas, K. Hakkinen, and J. S. Volek. “Effects of L-Carnitine L-Tartrate Supplementation on Muscle Oxygenation Responses to Resistance Exercise.” J Strength Cond Res 22, no. 4 (Jul 2008): 1130-5.
Vecchiet, L., F. Di Lisa, G. Pieralisi, P. Ripari, R. Menabo, M. A. Giamberardino, and N. Siliprandi. “Influence of L-Carnitine Administration on Maximal Physical Exercise.” Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 61, no. 5-6 (1990): 486-90.
Volek, J. S., D. A. Judelson, R. Silvestre, L. M. Yamamoto, B. A. Spiering, D. L. Hatfield, J. L. Vingren, et al. “Effects of Carnitine Supplementation on Flow-Mediated Dilation and Vascular Inflammatory Responses to a High-Fat Meal in Healthy Young Adults.” Am J Cardiol 102, no. 10 (Nov 15 2008): 1413-7.
Lang, C. H., A. Pruznak, M. Navaratnarajah, K. A. Rankine, G. Deiter, H. Magne, E. A. Offord, and D. Breuille. “Chronic Alpha-Hydroxyisocaproic Acid Treatment Improves Muscle Recovery after Immobilization-Induced Atrophy.” Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 305, no. 3 (Aug 1 2013): E416-28.
Mero, A. A., T. Ojala, J. J. Hulmi, R. Puurtinen, T. A. Karila, and T. Seppala. “Effects of Alfa-Hydroxy-Isocaproic Acid on Body Composition, Doms and Performance in Athletes.” J Int Soc Sports Nutr 7 (Jan 5 2010): 1.
Tischler, M. E., M. Desautels, and A. L. Goldberg. “Does Leucine, Leucyl-Trna, or Some Metabolite of Leucine Regulate Protein Synthesis and Degradation in Skeletal and Cardiac Muscle?”. J Biol Chem 257, no. 4 (Feb 25 1982): 1613-21.
Coconut Water Extract
Kalman, D. S., S. Feldman, D. R. Krieger, and R. J. Bloomer. “Comparison of Coconut Water and a Carbohydrate-Electrolyte Sport Drink on Measures of Hydration and Physical Performance in Exercise-Trained Men.” J Int Soc Sports Nutr 9, no. 1 (2012): 1.
Saat, M., R. Singh, R. G. Sirisinghe, and M. Nawawi. “Rehydration after Exercise with Fresh Young Coconut Water, Carbohydrate-Electrolyte Beverage and Plain Water.” J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 21, no. 2 (Mar 2002): 93-104.
Maughan, R. J., J. B. Leiper, and S. M. Shirreffs. “Factors Influencing the Restoration of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance after Exercise in the Heat.” Br J Sports Med 31, no. 3 (Sep 1997): 175-82.
Maughan, R. J., J. H. Owen, S. M. Shirreffs, and J. B. Leiper. “Post-Exercise Rehydration in Man: Effects of Electrolyte Addition to Ingested Fluids.” Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 69, no. 3 (1994): 209-15.
Shirreffs, S. M., L. E. Armstrong, and S. N. Cheuvront. “Fluid and Electrolyte Needs for Preparation and Recovery from Training and Competition.” J Sports Sci 22, no. 1 (Jan 2004): 57-63.
Shirreffs, S. M., and M. N. Sawka. “Fluid and Electrolyte Needs for Training, Competition, and Recovery.” J Sports Sci 29 Suppl 1 (2011): S39-46.
Shirreffs, S. M., A. J. Taylor, J. B. Leiper, and R. J. Maughan. “Post-Exercise Rehydration in Man: Effects of Volume Consumed and Drink Sodium Content.” Med Sci Sports Exerc 28, no. 10 (Oct 1996): 1260-71.
Tai, C. Y., J. M. Joy, P. H. Falcone, L. R. Carson, M. M. Mosman, J. L. Straight, S. L. Oury, et al. “An Amino Acid-Electrolyte Beverage May Increase Cellular Rehydration Relative to Carbohydrate-Electrolyte and Flavored Water Beverages.” Nutr J 13 (May 26 2014): 47.