Immunitymax

These are the FAQ's and Science behind our flagship immunity product!

Consume 4 capsules once a day, or, if preferred, users can take two (2) capsules twice per day.*

Due to the inclusion of fat-soluble nutrients, such as Vitamin D, it is recommended to take Immunity Max with food for best absorption.*

Immunity Max can be used with any/all of the Performax Labs supplements.

 

Due to the high antioxidant content of Immunity Max, it is suggested to take it separate from your pre workout or post workout drinks since it may interfere with training adaptations.*

Science

In this section we will cover each and every ingredient

One of the staple nutrients in immune support supplements is Vitamin C.*

 

This essential water-soluble vitamin helps bolster immune defense by supporting various functions of both the innate and adaptive immune systems.[1]*

 

More specifically, vitamin C may increase antioxidant enzyme activity, reduce the harmful effects of stress, and lower cortisol.*

 

Research notes that deficiencies in Vitamin C may lead to impaired immunity and higher susceptibility to infections.[1]*

 

As a result, infections may significantly increase the body’s need for vitamin C levels due to greater inflammation and metabolic requirements.[1]*

 

High-dose vitamin C supplementation has been noted to augment antibacterial defense.[2]*

 

A 2017 review also notes that vitamin C may help prevent respiratory and systemic infections as well as reduce the severity and duration of the common cold.[1]*

Also known as the “sunshine vitamin,” vitamin D is an essential fat-soluble vitamin best known for its roles in promoting calcium absorption and bone health.[3]*

 

However, the vitamin also serves a wealth of other functions in the body.*

 

Vitamin D can modulate the innate and adaptive immune responses.*

 

It supports macrophage function by reducing their adhesion to cell walls. (FYI, macrophages are cells that engulf -- “eat” -- pathogens.)*

 

Vitamin D also increases counts of important immune system cells, including regulatory T cells and memory B cells.*

 

Deficiency in vitamin D is associated with an increased susceptibility to infection as well as  increased autoimmunity.[3]*

 

Research also notes that vitamin D may be useful in the prevention of respiratory tract infections.[4,5]*

Zinc is an essential trace mineral involved in over 300 reactions in the body. It is found in every fluid, tissue, and organ of the body and is the second most abundant trace mineral in the body, next to iron.*

 

Regarding immune function, zinc is required for the activation of T cell lymphocytes, which help control and modulate immune responses.*[6]

 

The versatile trace mineral is also used to form superoxide dismutase, a powerful antioxidant enzyme.*

 

Deficiencies in zinc are known to impair proper functioning of the immune system.*

 

Research notes that supplementation with doses between 9-24mg of zinc per day at the onset of a cold and during certain viral infections may help reduce the duration of symptoms of the common cold in adults.*[7]

N-Acetyl Cysteine is a more bioavailable form of the amino acid L-Cysteine, which serves as a crucial building block for one of the most powerful antioxidants in the body -- glutathione.*

 

It is frequently supplemented due to its ability to bind to toxic metabolites and scavenge free radicals, which may help reduce inflammation and combat oxidative stress.*[8]

 

Regarding immune function, N-acetyl cysteine may help reduce the severity and frequency of coughing, wheezing, and respiratory attacks.[9]

 

Research also indicates that N-Acetyl Cysteine supplementation may help relieve symptoms of nasal and sinus congestion brought on by allergies or infections.[10]*

Echinacea is one of the most commonly used supplements when cold and flu season comes calling to serve as a prophylactic and help accelerate recovery.*

 

Researchers are still trying to pinpoint the exact mechanisms of action by which the plant exerts its immunomodulating effects, but hypothesize it could be due to four classes of compounds naturally occuring in the plant -- alkamides, glycoproteins, polysaccharides and caffeic acid derivatives (including chlorogenic acid).[11]*

 

Echinacea may also help stimulate macrophage production, which helps fight pathogens.*[12]

 

Additionally, a 2007 meta-analysis echinacea may help reduce the incidence and duration of the common cold. More specifically, the authors found that echinacea supplementation led to a 58% reduction in cold occurrence.[13]*

Black Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants in the world due to its antiviral and antimicrobial properties.*

 

The berries are rich in vitamin c, fiber, polyphenols, and anthocyanins, which is where much of the health-supporting qualities lie.*

 

Black elderberry extracts have been shown to reduce the severity and length of influenza (the flu) as well as the common cold.[14,15]

 

Most recently, a 2019 meta-analysis concluded that supplementation with elderberry was found to substantially reduce upper respiratory symptoms.[16]*

Spectra is a proprietary combination of 29 fruits, vegetables, and herbs shown to inhibit free radical production and optimize cellular metabolic activity within the human body.*

 

Human studies note that supplementation with the powerful antioxidant formula may help[17,18]:

    Increase nitric oxide*     Decrease free radicals, including reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species*     Improve mitochondrial oxygen consumption*●     Reduce mitochondrial stress*

References

These are the references to the exact studies, down the page we have created these formulations around.

Carr AC, Maggini S. Vitamin C and Immune Function. Nutrients. 2017;9(11):1211. Published 2017 Nov 3. doi:10.3390/nu9111211

Oudemans-van Straaten, H.M., Man, A.M.S. & de Waard, M.C. Vitamin C revisited. Crit Care 18, 460 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-014-0460-x

Aranow C. Vitamin D and the immune system. J Investig Med. 2011;59(6):881‐886. doi:10.2310/JIM.0b013e31821b8755

Charan J, Goyal JP, Saxena D, Yadav P. Vitamin D for prevention of respiratory tract infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2012;3(4):300‐303. doi:10.4103/0976-500X.103685

Martineau AR, Jolliffe DA, Hooper RL, et al. Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. BMJ. 2017;356:i6583. Published 2017 Feb 15. doi:10.1136/bmj.i6583

Prasad AS. Zinc in human health: effect of zinc on immune cells. Mol Med. 2008;14(5-6):353‐357. doi:10.2119/2008-00033.Prasad

Singh, M., & Das, R. R. (2013). Zinc for the common cold. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (6), CD001364. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001364.pub4

Stey, C., Steurer, J., Bachmann, S., Medici, T. C., & Tramer, M. R. (2000). The effect of oral N-acetylcysteine in chronic bronchitis: a quantitative systematic review. European Respiratory Journal, 16(2), 253 LP – 262. http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/16/2/253.abstract